There aren't chapter specific trophies. They are for collectibles, using weapons, defeating certain enemies, getting kills with specific weapons and special 'tricks'.
Do you have any guidance around achieving the "Brilliant!" (Grenade shot during Blacksight) trophy? This one is simply not unlocking for me - I've shot grenades thrown at me in multiple chapters, and have tried throwing my own (both smoke and explosive) grenades and shot them out of the sky during Blacksight, with multiple handguns. I even timed and shot a grenade while it was still in the hand of a grenadier during the Puppet Queen standoff.
Beyond the play-through troubleshooting, I've also tried uninstalling and then re-installing the game, and started playing it before the patch was installed and after.
I'm sure I'm missing something, but can't for the life of me figure out what.